Sleep-Wake Disorders: A category of psychological conditions characterised by disruptions in the sleep-wake cycle. These disorders encompass a range of issues that impact the ability to sleep well on a regular basis, including difficulties in falling asleep, staying asleep, or excessive sleepiness during daytime. They often have significant implications for the individual sufferer including mental, physical, and emotional health, and can be influenced by a variety of factors such as stress, environmental conditions, and genetic predisposition. Sleep-wake disorders include conditions like insomnia, sleep apnoea, narcolepsy, and circadian rhythm sleep disorders. Hypnotics are a group of medical drugs often employed to treat sleep disorders such as insomnia.

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